Everyday Foot Problems

Feet are like snowflakes: No two are the same — even those on the same body. Your two feet may actually be different shoe sizes! And even if they’re evenly matched, they’ll be different sizes and different shapes at different times in your life, including as your body changes through growth, pregnancy (for women), disease or disability, and aging. Because of these natural irregularities and the changes that every person encounters during life, there are several everyday foot problems that often occur.
One recent study, published in The New England Journal of Medicine, found that during puberty — when hormonal changes spur bone developments — the bone density of black girls increases three times more than that of white girls. And when the U.S. Public Health Service conducted a national survey in 1990, it found that blacks experienced 20 percent fewer foot problems overall than whites, although blacks are more likely to suffer from corns, calluses, and flat feet.
Nationality can also influence foot structure: Many Mediterranean people, for instance, have particularly low arches, while many Northern Europeans tend to have high ones. Finally, in some ethnic communities, cultural standards play a role, because they determine what is considered attractive. Members suffer pain from wearing uncomfortable shoes that are simply de rigueur in their cultural world.
One of your best precautions against foot pain is to be aware of both the hereditary factors (which you can’t change) and the lifestyle and life-stage factors (which you can change or, at least, influence) that determine whether your feet are healthy or hurting.
This article offers easy and helpful suggestions for treating many of the more common foot conditions people experience. However, there are certain foot problems that are so serious

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, you should seek a doctor’s care immediately. Likewise, certain people should never attempt to self-treat a foot problem. For example, If you have diabetes or circulatory problems, if you are pregnant, if you have recently had surgery, or if you are under the continuing care of a physician for another reason, you should discuss your foot problem, and the best way to go about treating it, with your doctor before attempting self-treatment.
Continue to the next page to get tips on treating calluses — a foot condition almost everyone experiences at one time or another.
To learn more about treating and avoiding problems with your feet, visit:

What to Wear With Large Prints

One trend that never seems to go out of style is the print. But that doesn’t mean it works for everyone. The size of the print and the size of the person determine what’s going to look good and what will look lame

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First, who can wear a large print? Most women can if they understand their shape. Petite women, instead of a rule of thumb, should use the rule of fist. If the print pattern is the same size or smaller than your fist, you can pull it off. If it’s larger, leave the item on the rack and let a taller woman have at it. Women with fuller figures need to be careful as well. Large prints can make you look larger than you are. Who wants to look like a floral sofa? A good guideline is to stay under the span of your hand. A print that’s larger probably won’t flatter you.
So how do you wear a large print

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?
Beauty may be in the eye of the beholder but fashion is fair game for critique. Use these tips for a fabulous look!

Colored Jean Trends and Faux Pas

If you’re looking for a way to incorporate more color into your wardrobe, colored jeans are a great way to do it. Jeans are versatile, can be mixed and matched into different looks, and dressed up or down. And now that you can buy them in almost any color, the possibilities are nearly endless

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You know a trend has hit cosmic status when celebrities start embracing it. And when Kate Middleton, the Duchess of Cambridge, appeared at an impromptu field hockey game in a pair of coral-colored jeans, sales went through the roof.
After a lifetime of regular blue denim washes, though, the thought of colored jeans can be daunting. Don’t be intimidated. You won’t look like a glow stick or a piece of candy. You just need to know the do’s and the don’ts of the trend.
Do:
Don’t:
Some popular colors for jeans are coral, different shades of blues, mustard, orange, purple and green

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. See if any of these work for you! Sometimes all you’ll need to pair with your new jeans is a plain white tee.

Sole Survivor Quiz

The average foot takes a ton of abuse on a daily basis. Not only do we walk and run all over town, we do so in shoes that are often ill-fitting and downright unhealthy. Make no mistake — your feet won’t suffer in silence for long

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! Take our quiz to find out if you know how to keep your tootsies happy and healthy.

‘Jurassic World’ Quiz

Jurassic World may have been 65 million years in the making, but it was worth the wait

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. With the help of a performing mosasaurus, an aquatic crock-a-gator, and a genetically enhanced but socially stunted Indominus rex, this film hit box office gold and revitalized a franchise.

5 Things to Do Before Going to the Nail Salon

At the first sign of summer, women everywhere kick off the thick socks and heavy boots of winter in favor of strappy summer sandals, flip-flops and sun-kissed bare feet. Before you expose your toes, however, it’s best to hit the nail salon to give your lower digits a bit of cosmetic attention

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. After all, nothing ruins a great pair of open-toed shoes more quickly than ragged, overgrown nails and dry, callused skin. With more than 50,000 nail salons in the U.S. alone, you should have no problem scoring an appointment for that start-of-summer mani-pedi. Get the most out of your visit and learn to avoid potential problems with our list of the top 5 things you should do before going to the nail salon.

Diabetes and Foot Ulcers

Medical expert Dr. Mohan S. Palaniswami answers common questions about diabetes:
Q: What are the risks of developing foot ulcers due to diabetes?
A: Foot ulcers occur in diabetics due to repetitive stress on the foot. Ulcers develop after calluses form on areas of increased pressure

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, such as the ball and heel of the foot, or on abnormal bony prominences.
The increased pressure seen in the diabetic foot is often due to decreased ankle motion at the Achilles tendon. This tendon becomes stiff because consistently high blood sugar levels lead to the deposition of sugar elements on the tendon.
Often, long-term elevated blood sugar levels, seen in those with poorly controlled diabetes, lead to circulation and nerve problems. The nerve problems lead to decreased sensation in the foot. The patient often doesn’t even know that a sore is present. The circulation problems cause the wound to heal poorly.
Infection is a common and major complication of diabetic foot wounds. Infection leads to tissue death and progressive gangrene. Massive infection is the most common factor leading to amputation.
A large number of diabetics with persistent and untreated foot ulcers will have their lower limb amputated, so this is a very serious condition! In fact, in the U.S, diabetes is responsible for about 60% of leg amputations that are not caused by accidents. In 2002, about 82,000 lower limb amputations were done in people with diabetes.
Progressive debridement (removal of dead/infected tissue) or surgery to reconnect the blood supply can sometimes help ulcers heal. But the best way to avoid this problem is to prevent it from happening in the first place.
To help prevent diabetic foot ulcers, monitor your blood sugar levels closely with the assistance of your physician and pay close attention to the health of your feet

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. This includes wearing protective footwear at all times, watching closely for sores or cracks in the skin on your feet, and getting treatment right away for sores that don’t seem to heal.

Why did Chinese women bind their feet?

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When did women begin wearing pants?

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Before men started wearing the crotch-covering legging we call trousers, everybody wore skirts in one form or fashion (see also: loincloths, tunics, togas, kilts, etc.). And why not? Skirts are far simpler to construct and facilitate more cooling air flow to the nether regions, which would’ve been a godsend in the pre-air conditioning days. But then, thanks to the rise of horseback infantries, trousers (see also: breeches, codpieces, tights, etc.) became the below-the-belt manly uniform of the masculine masses.
Western women, meanwhile, continued wearing skirts, and not just simple wrap-around numbers. We’re talking multi-layered, heavy, floor-length ensembles often further supported and puffed out with the assistance of cage crinoline, petticoats, bustles, or other clunky foundation garments, depending on the era (see also: corsets).
In the 19th century, recognizing not only the discomfort but also the health and safety hazards of wearing the weighty skirts that swept up street trash, impeded walking (especially down stairs) and posed fire hazards, and fueled by the freer-thinking spirit of the Enlightenment, some liberal folk began calling for more “rational dress.” In 1851, Amelia Bloomer debuted her signature shocking ensemble of loose-fitting ankle-length trousers — essentially bifurcated petticoats — underneath a shorter dress. Later in 1881, the Rational Dress Society was established in London, and it advocated women being required to wear no more than 7 pounds (3 kilograms) of underwear, which at the time would have been a major load off. But even with the popularization of the bicycle and younger women adopting bloomers as riding outfits, it would still be a long while before pants would become an all-season, any-occasion women’s wardrobe staple.
Pants for ladies trickled into high fashion in earnest in 1911, courtesy of French designer Paul Poiret, who had earlier done women a solid by introducing corset-free styles. His harem pant, as seen on Downton Abbey, made the cover of Vogue in 1913. And speaking of Vogue, billowy slacks were becoming more commonplace in its pages by the 1930s, as well as on the pages of celebrity trades that showcased some Hollywood A-listers including Marlene Dietrich and Katharine Hepburn wearing them on and off screen. For the average trendy, well-heeled woman, however, pants couldn’t simply be tossed on effortlessly; they came with their own set of rules (and weight requirements!) in 1939:
During World War II, though photographs show American women wearing pants in the workplace

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, dresses and skirts were still the go-to for properly going out in public, and Dior’s post-War “New Look,” swung the pendulum even farther away from the pant for a period. Really, as Worn Through underscores, it wasn’t until the sexual revolution and second-wave feminism in the late 1960s and 1970s that women started wearing trousers en masse and whenever they wished — for the most part. It wasn’t until 1993, for instance, that Sen. Barbara Mikulski and Carol Moseley-Braun (the first African-American woman elected to Senate) became the first woman senators to rock pantsuits on Senate floor, forcing the Senate to lift its ban on lady trousers in the Senate. Hence, while women’s adoption of pants wasn’t directly fueled by militarism as it was with men, the choice to eschew a skirt was no less an epic struggle.
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